The Japanese anti-tank fire on the American medium tanks did not stop

The most common means of combating tanks in the Great Wolf era was field guns. The development of infantry weapons created a subgroup of new weapons, namely anti-tank rifles, which were not so sophisticated.

They developed these guns according to their power, and during the bloody conflict they also deployed monstrous structures, which were also known as the Japanese anti-tank gun Type 97. However, it was unable to cope with the new American medium tanks due to the safety of the distance, so the Japanese generals with this weapon, five rounds for hunting vessels of the US Navy, weak protective customs and live crew.

The first anti-tank gun

When a new tool is introduced, they usually respond with a corrupt defense. It was no different in the first world of the wolf, as the deployed tank represented a turning point from many points of view. Adequate defense against them was sought through the development of new technologies. Anti-tank guns were created from field guns, and the right parameter of infantry weapons led to guns capable of piercing the armor of those armor.

The pioneer in anti-tank warfare is the German army, which was unpleasantly surprised by the giant square boxes on the 15th of 1916 during the Battle of the Somme. The soldiers watched in amazement as projectiles lined with roaring fire weapons were ripped from the colossus. Against the slow-moving British Mark tanks with a high profile, they deployed field guns much later. Among the impossible experiments, a connecting runch grant was included in the bundle, these improvisations were supposed to be thrown into one of the holes in the armor or on its ceiling steel plate, where the armor was usually the thinnest, but with the bulky grant tangle it was practically impossible.

The British Mark I tank was the first combat-deployed tank in the world’s history.

For a time, the army pimped when it was the first in history to deploy an anti-tank gun, but it didn’t put much music to sleep, as the following data confirms. The British lost about 2,000 armored personnel carriers out of a total of 3,000 mounted units, run grants and anti-tank guns, according to statistics, lost only 4 units, mines had 20 armored personnel carriers on their hands, half of the losses were taken care of by long-range fire. It was similar in the case of French tanks, run grants and anti-tank regiments eliminated 4 tanks, the remaining 744 out of a total of approximately 4,300 deployed tanks were eliminated by other means or technical failures.

The 13.2 mm Mauser anti-tank gun or Tankgewehr M 1918 (also known as the Mauser Model 1918) was produced in large quantities, but continuous production began in May 1918 and thus did not have time to enter combat. The projectile with a hardened steel core reached a speed of 785 m/s and at a distance of 100 meters it penetrated 22 mm armor plate. The Stelci could also see the British heavy tanks Mark V with 16 mm steel armor.

German anti-tank gun Mauser Tankgewehr M1918 from the first world war

The rifle soon became obsolete and its projectiles could not penetrate the steel plate armor of the 1930s due to the safety distance, so the Reichswehr withdrew it before 1935 for unit training and military training.

The Nicmen single-shot weapon with a modified Mauser-type recoilless rifle served as a role model for the development of its followers and other world powers. The Yankees also examined the weapons for a large amount. The British Army produced the 16kg Boys bullet for the .55 Boys (13.999 mm) caliber. The Germans themselves gave preference to the more complex PzB 38 and the PzB 39 (7.92 94 mm cartridges) acceptable for the production process. The Soviets deployed the famous PTRD-41 type (14.5 114 mm warheads), its long career continued in the Donbass campaign in 2014 and 2015.

Nmeck anti-tank puka PzB 39

Giant Samurai

The new armor was covered by even stronger steel plates. Designs of anti-tank guns began to respond to this with an increase in size (and 20 mm), as the weight of the structure increased, even half-meter guns were created. The mechanism also changed, designers began to use a self-loading mechanism in the 1930s. Yesterday Solothurny S-18/100 with a weight of 45 kg, 54 kg S-18/1000 and the S-18/1100 version with the same weight could also shoot two guns. Unfortunately, it was a matter of removing powder gases from the barrels that pressed on the fist. The Soviet PTRS-41 with a weight of approx. 21 kg, the Finnish Lahti L-39 with a weight of 49.5 kg and the Japanese Kawamura Type 97 can be changed from the guns listed in this way.

The last changing giant began to emerge in the mid-twenties in the land of the rising sun, it was two meters long and weighed half a meter. When comparing the parameters with yesterday’s competitor, the 54 kg Solothurn S-18, it is important to note that this puka took longer than the samurai on the ground. The Japanese colossus weighed only 53 kg, but with a transport belt with rails and a protective cover with a 4 mm hammer, which were supplied as part of the weapons, it was 68 kg. It therefore represented a highly portable anti-tank gun rather than a standard anti-tank gun. It should also be noted that during the shooting period, the weapon is captured in action without a tattoo.

Japan anti-tank puka Type 97

The Kawamura Type 97 re 20124 mm self-loader was prepared by a team of experts around expert Masaya Kawamura. The same work involved adapting the beast’s mechanism to the giant to pay for a functional and fairly reliable cannon. He chose a vertical swing block to secure the semi-automatic rifle, only unlocking the bolt by dropping it from the selected case of the bolt to the lower position when the fist is running and carrying the clip to the back door. The movement of the animal, the ejected empty magazine, the reloading of the weapon and the tension of the whip mechanism were mediated by two parallel gas fists firmly connected to the carrier of the clip and placed under the barrel. Powder gases were removed through a hole in the lower center of the barrel, guided through elongated tubes with a built-in regulator for the removal of powder gases, and evenly distributed to the fists in two tubes.

The Americans acquired the Type 97 Japanese anti-tank gun

Since the jet weapon fell into the category of rifles, a big problem arose over the construction team, namely the enormous backlash, which had to be brought down to a potable level. So the gun got a special sliding system and an owl brake. Heads with a muzzle system performed a similar slide of a gun with a support system, which was corrected by a pneumatic brake inserted into the frame (the principle of slide, especially with a muzzle, was also used by the British Boys regiments). The animal was returned to its forward position by two parallel elongated springs. Two powerful coaxial springs and a pneumatic brake were to provide a gentle increase in the energy of the moving parts and dampen their impact.

Back rust and pesto noise were at the limit or almost beyond tolerance for the insoles. The maker provided both the arms and the stock with a fin-type cap, which was supposed to be fastened to the shoulder of the stock when placed. Cases of broken clavicles are recorded in the answers. I am proud to say that the operator had to be careful not to put the roller backwards when putting it on.

Lack of vanity

Sehran pci (at least two men were needed) managed to lay out 14 stars in a minute. He helped them to do this with a box magazine placed in the upper half of the animal’s case, which held seven pieces of ammunition. The anti-tank ammunition was among the most used, of which we can mention the classic tear gas. For the sake of interest, it can be changed that the battle load of anti-tank guns and bombs should have been changed in a ratio of 4:3. The gunner had to first hit the tank with an anti-tank projectile and immediately go up to the same place to lay down a charge.

The M4 Sherman was the most famous American tank in the world of the train.

The projectiles (from 20 124 mm ammunition) fired from the Type 97 were able to penetrate 30 mm steel plates from a distance of about 300 m under a 90 angle of impact. The front armor of the American tank M3 Stuart (hammer 44 mm) penetrated at a distance of 150 m. On the new armor M4 Sherman it they didn’t stop. The production of the old Type 97 armory in Kokura was discontinued in 1941 after 1,008 examples were produced, but assembly was resumed two years later by the Nihon Seikosho company. At that time, the gun did not fulfill its original anti-tank role, due to the lack of equipment it had to be used for the defense of the island.

The original anti-tank function was performed by the semi-automatic during its confirmed battle in 1939 in the area of ​​the Chalchyn lake, where it faced Soviet armored vehicles, especially the BT-5 and BT-7 fast tanks. Unfortunately, at that time, illnesses began to plague her. Impracticality and immobility limited the possibilities of its further application against armor with steel strong armor. But this was true of all other weapons of this category, e.g. competing monstrous Solothurn S-18/1000 could penetrate no more than 35 mm armor plate from a distance of 300 meters with a projectile (20 138 mmB Solothurn Long). These weapons have a successor, namely anti-materiel guns, which are not designed against tanks.

The article is in Czech

Tags: Japanese antitank fire American medium tanks stop

NEXT Mercedes already knows that it has stepped aside, the competition refuses to follow the same senseless path in the case of engines