Czech Statistical Office: Covid-19 has fallen in the ranking of the main causes of death


02/03/2024 11:27 | Press Release

In the first half of 2023, 57,000 inhabitants of the Czech Republic died. It was similar in the first half of 2020 (57.2 thousand deaths), while in 2021 and 2022 the number of deaths was significantly higher (76.7 thousand and 60.0 thousand). In a year-on-year comparison, the number of deaths in the first half of 2023 was 5% lower, or by 3.1 thousand, mainly thanks to a further reduction in the number of deaths from covid-19.



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Almost 7.6 thousand people, i.e. 13.3%, died between January and June 2023 as a result of chronic ischemic heart disease. It has led the list of causes of death for a long time, only in the first half of 2021 did covid-19 prevail over all other causes. The second most common cause of death in the first half of last year was heart failure (3.6 thousand deaths, i.e. 6.4%), while in the same period in 2022 this rank was occupied by covid-19, and the third was vascular diseases of the brain (3.3 thousand, i.e. 5.7%). Diabetes mellitus (2.5 thousand, 4.4%) and malignant neoplasms of the bronchus, trachea and lungs (2.3 thousand, 4.1%) also completed the top five.


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“During the first half of 2023, according to preliminary data, a total of 833 residents of the Czech Republic died of covid-19. It was almost 80% less than in the same period in 2022, when there were 4,000 deaths. In the ranking of causes of death, covid was ranked only 18th in the first half of last year,” explains Markéta Šafusová from the Department of Demographic Statistics of the CZSO.

Also, the number of deaths from chronic ischemic heart disease, the most frequent cause of death in the long term, in the first half of 2023 decreased significantly year-on-year, namely by 9%, absolutely by 772 deaths. On the contrary, the number of deaths from chronic diseases of the lower respiratory system increased more significantly, by 11% (from 1.8 thousand to 2.0 thousand).

The biggest increase then occurred in the case of deaths from the flu, which, however, is not among the most common causes of death. The number of these deaths rose year-on-year from 23 cases recorded in January to June 2022 to 237 in the same period of 2023. Similar to last year, the number of flu deaths was also in the first half of 2019 (222 people), while in the same period of 2020 there were half and in 2021 and 2022 only at the level of low tens of people.

Preliminary data for the first half of 2023 also show a year-on-year decrease in suicides, by 10%, absolutely by 66 deaths out of 622.

The order of causes of death was the same for men and women in the first three places and in line with the overall order. In other places, the rankings diverged. In men, malignant neoplasms of the bronchus, trachea, and lungs were the fourth most common cause and diabetes mellitus was the fifth, while in women, malignant neoplasms of the genital organs and breast were the fourth most common and hypertensive diseases were the fifth.

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author: Press Release

The article is in Czech

Tags: Czech Statistical Office Covid19 fallen ranking main death


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