He rebelled against everything. One hundred years ago, the brilliant actor Marlon Brando was born

He rebelled against everything. One hundred years ago, the brilliant actor Marlon Brando was born
He rebelled against everything. One hundred years ago, the brilliant actor Marlon Brando was born

Marlon Brando stood as a bridge between old world stars like Cary Grant or Gary Cooper and anti-heroes of the younger generation like Robert De Niro and Dustin Hoffman. He fascinates with his charisma, rough nature and unusual ability to fit into his characters. The winner of two Oscars, in no more than fifty years, has solidified many different characters and made famous the types of heroes who rebel against conventions for the sake of truth. He was born on April 3, 1924, died in October 2004, and he recorded his own life in detail.

Fame was and is the curse of my life and I would be happy without it, declared the actor, who was equally famous as controversial and his real name is not that. He was born on April 3, 1924, in Omaha, Nebraska, to an alcoholic family.

His father sent him to a military academy in Minnesota, where he was soon kicked out. Later, he followed his two sisters to New York, where he studied acting with Stella Adlerov in the 1920s. She discovered in him the ability to get rid of the skin of classical acting at the time, usually in the most sophisticated and punishing dialogue, and to draw the emotions of his characters from his own soul. In 1944, he made his debut on Broadway at the Music Box Theatre. And then followed the steep ascent to the stars.

The premiere of Tennessee Williams’s A Streetcar Named Desire on Broadway, directed by Elia Kazan, caused a sensation at the December 1947 meeting. Brando, in the role of the egotistical customer Stanley Kowalski, acted like lightning and shattered the existing tradition of noble declaimers. He brought to the scene mood swings, inflaming anger, but also vulnerability. He played a total of 855 matches and never broke a sweat on stage.

Marlon Brando made his film debut in 1950 in the role of a bedridden paraplegic in director Fred Zinneman’s Mui. The following film version of A Streetcar Named Desire (1951) earned him an Oscar nomination. Until now, the actor has not shown so much aggressiveness on screen. And his biker gang, Johnny in a leather jacket, in the 1953 film The Savages was physically allowed to generate revolt: What am I fighting against? Against whom he wants, the dialogue of the film.

His reisr debut swelled

However, the actor had to wait for the Oscar after other nominations for the titular role of the Mexican revolution in Viva Zapata! (1952) and Mark Antony in Julius Caesar (1953). The academics praised his extraordinary performance in the film In the House (1954) by director Elia Kazan. Brandv used to be boxer Terry Malloy, a mafioso bouncer and swashbuckler, here he personified the distorted illusion of the American dream.

And over the years, Brando’s acting repertoire was filled with roles: Napoleon in Dsire (1954), a singing gangster in the musical Frajei a sage (1955), a Japanese interpreter in the movie On the August Moon (1956), an American pilot in love with a Japanese woman in the melodrama Sayonara (1957, nominated for an Oscar), a German lieutenant in Young Lions (1958) and a wanderer in the adaptation of Williams’ drama The Descent of Orpheus (1959).

In 1961, Marlon Brando tried his hand at film direction for the first and last time. When filming an anti-western, Kivk seriously exceeded the set budget, and the producers then had to assemble the original five-hour version. He followed the blockbuster Mutiny on the Bounty and, based on Chaplin’s The Countess of Hong Kong. Brando’s insurgent revolt seemed to be at a standstill. He bought the small atoll of Tetiaroa (Pta Island) in French Polynesia near Tahiti, where he researched solar energy, built windmills, saved elephants and rare birds, and obviously liked a full refrigerator.

I have no talent for anything worthwhile

But at the arrest of the 70s, the saw gave triumphs. In Coppolo’s The Godfather (1972), he became the head of Don Vito Corleone’s mafia family in a fascinating way and was a kind of Oscar. The role of the desperate widower Paul obsessed with sex with a young French woman in Bertolucci’s scandalous and censored Last Tango in Pai (1972) earned him his fifth Oscar nomination. In Coppola’s crushing parable of the Vietnam conflict, Apocalypse (1979), Brando again flashed the bed of the lazy Colonel Kurtz.

One of the most charismatic actors of all time, but acting was no longer fun and he spoke of it as a boring, stupid and childish job that he did for money and because he did not discover a talent for anything worthwhile. In the 1960s, Brando radicalized his political views, took part in public demonstrations, publicly supported the first Jews and blacks, signed a petition for the first homosexuals and against the death penalty. He thus spoke in defense of American Indians, which he demonstrated, among other things, by being denied an Oscar and a Golden Globe for his performance in The Godfather.

The idol shrank to the side

Tragedy struck Marlon Brando in his personal life, the dream was never matched. His daughter Cheyenne recovered from prolonged depression years after her half-brother Christian betrayed his fiance, she was pregnant with him. Of all his children, Brando loved these two the most. In total, the idol of women’s hearts had twelve children, only nine of them were officially recognized. enat was tikrt. Among his ethnic partners were actresses Anne Kashfiov and Maria (Movita) Castenadaov, Tahitian Tarita Teripiaov and Mexican Maria Christina Ruizov.

The actor divided his life, and until his last days, between staying in the country on his island in French Polynesia and the company of bees in Los Angeles. Towards the end of his life, he suffered from heart failure, his eyesight was impaired due to diabetes, he had problems with his lungs, he was dependent on an oxygen device and used a wheelchair.

Before his death, Brando discussed with his friends how his last journey should be. His favorite Jack Nicholson should speak over his coffin and the ashes should be spread on the remote Pacific atoll of Tetiaroa (Pta Island), which he fell in love with during the Mutiny on the Bounty

The article is in Czech

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