Two percent of GDP for defense? Not even close. Last year, only five NATO countries gave me the Czech Republic

Two percent of GDP for defense? Not even close. Last year, only five NATO countries gave me the Czech Republic
Two percent of GDP for defense? Not even close. Last year, only five NATO countries gave me the Czech Republic

last year esko spent 1.37 percent of gross domestic product (GDP) on defense. Minister of Defense Jana Ernochov (ODS) said this to Czech television on Sunday. The weddings thus reached approximately 101 billion crowns, an increase of ten billion crowns, which was not expected. NATO estimated that Estonia spent 1.5 percent of GDP on defense last year. According to Ernoch, weddings should be around two percent of GDP this year.

The Ministry of Defense has transferred the pensions from losk to strategic projects until the summer budget. “We have known since the very beginning that the North Atlantic Alliance will not recognize the financial means when they are not spent in that year,” Ternochov said. According to him, Germany, which has its own fund, is also proceeding in the same way. “On the other hand, the alliance believes that the financial resources are dislocated in favor of modernization, so this is taken into account, of course,” the minister noted.

111.8 billion crowns were originally approved for defense in the Polish budget, which would correspond to 1.52 percent of GDP. In the end, the Ministry of Defense had 110.3 billion available, and according to the summary, it spent 100.7 billion crowns. It did not spend roughly one billion, and 7.8 billion was transferred to the fleet for strategic projects.

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This time, the government also included the total material reserves, cyber security or some transport projects in defense spending. “We will try to use several buildings in cooperation with the Ministry of Transport in NATO as part of defense spending, but this is a matter of discussion. Of course, we will know the result from the alliance by the end of 2025,” said Jan Jire, chief editor of the defense policy section of the Ministry of Defense.

Criticize opposition politicians as a result. “On the part of the current coalition and the Ministry of Defense, it was declared that they would fight for two percent, and instead it is de facto counterproductive,” said the chairman of the parliamentary defense committee, Lubomr Metnar (for ANO). “We have been saying for a long time that it should be around 1.7 and 1.8 percent, but it is bad that it is in line with the future prepared and launched projects,” said Radovan Vch, chairman of the parliamentary control committee (SPD).

ernochov this year with a yield of around two percent, but according to her, it will depend on the performance of the Czech economy. “I don’t know if it will be 1.99 or 2.1. We will be happy when we oscillate around those two percent,” she added.

In 2014, at the summit in Wales, the people of the NATO countries committed themselves that military budgets will gradually increase so that they reach two percent of GDP in individual countries by 2024 at the latest. Last April, the Chamber of Deputies approved a law according to which the Czech Republic will spend at least two percent of its GDP on defense each year. You have a similar law in Poland, Romania, Lithuania and Latvia.

According to official estimates, NATO spent only five NATO countries on defense according to GDP last year. They are Slovenia, Turkey, Poland, Belgium and Luxembourg. 11 out of 31 countries spent two or more percent of their GDP on defense. Five years ago, there were five countries. Poland spent the most on defense (3.90 percent of GDP), the USA (3.49 percent) and the Czech Republic (3.01 percent).

In absolute terms, the United States spends the most on defense ($860 billion), Germany, Great Britain and France. Then there are at least two of the largest alliances with developed economies, namely Black Mountain, North Macedonia and Albania.

The article is in Czech

Tags: percent GDP defense close year NATO countries gave Czech Republic


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