The South Bohemian Region establishes a company after preparing a small modular reactor

The South Bohemian Region establishes a company after preparing a small modular reactor
The South Bohemian Region establishes a company after preparing a small modular reactor

South Bohemia representatives approved the establishment of South Bohemia Nuclear Park at their meeting today. The small modular reactor in Temelín would be the first facility of its kind in the Czech Republic. “Nuclear energy in the world is moving towards a form where nuclear reactors no longer have to be huge encased in hundreds of tons of concrete. Small modular reactors are being developed, the area of ​​which will take up an area approximately the size of a football field. I believe that similar reactors will be built in Europe in the future, which will supply regions or cities with electricity,” said South Bohemian Governor Martin Kuba (ODS).

The current government coalition Together (ODS, KDU-ČSL, TOP 09) and Pirates with Mayors and Independents (STAN) has in its program support for research and development of smaller modular reactors and the involvement of the Czech Republic in international cooperation. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) defines small, medium and large reactors according to electrical output. Reactors up to 300 MWe (electric power of the generator) are classified as small reactors.

According to Kuba, the South Bohemia Nuclear Park will create a background for scientists, experts and developers who will create conditions for the approval of SMR in the Czech Republic. Now similar licensing processes are offered by companies in the US. “I would like to see a center established in South Bohemia that will play a major role in the field of these technologies in the future,” said the governor.

In addition, according to him, SMR offers an economically more affordable alternative than a classic nuclear power plant. The cost of building a small modular rector is many times lower. “A classic, large nuclear power plant is limited by the huge construction work and the hundreds of tons of iron and concrete that are inside it. But of course even with small modular reactors the same safety must be maintained or even improved against large nuclear power plants. We are thus moving to a situation where the reactors will be smaller and easier to build,” said Kuba. SMRs could also solve the dependence of the Czech Republic on Russian gas and the transition to emission-free energy. A small modular reactor could be in Temelín around 2034.

The article is in Czech


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