You surely remember how in the first grade of elementary school you learned the listed words and knew them with perfect accuracy. But what about today, do you think you still master their knowledge? Test yourself in our quiz and you will understand immediately.
Soft i and hard y are quite popular in the Czech language. These two vowels originally served to denote two different sounds. Today, however, they are pronounced the same, which makes them quite complicated in terms of writing.
For this reason, we have spelling rules that precisely define the writing of soft i and hard y. In the Czech language, we distinguish between soft and hard consonants. The soft ones are c, j, ž, š, č, ř, ď, ť, ň and we always (with a few exceptions) write a soft i after them.
Hard consonants include h, ch, k, r, d, t, n. After them, we always write hard y. For the letters D, T, N, i/y is chosen according to pronunciation. For example, girl vs. smoke, print vs. week, pond vs. now. Double consonants also exist in the Czech language.
Do you know them?
Double consonants do not have a clear definition of whether they are followed by a hard y or a soft i. For this reason, pupils learn the listed words in which double consonants are followed by y/ý.
Czech language Listed words after B:
However, learning the listed words can be quite a stressful challenge for both the child and their parents. Whether it is preparation for dictation, homework or simple practice, it is not easy to remember them. But nothing works except learning these words by heart.
They are the only way to handle the stress and nervousness of a possible failure. Whether it is home preparation, individual practice or testing at school. In the rules of Czech orthography, the listed words form an important part.
Their list is constantly changing and evolving. Obsolete words are replaced by new ones, so the list of enumerated words is constantly moving with the times. In elementary schools, students learn listed words in a specific order, but newer didactic approaches make this approach less important.
QUIZ: How well do you know the words listed today?
Resources: cs.wikipedia.org, www.umimecesky.cz, wordwall.net