On the fateful Tuesday morning, a Palestinian commando from the Black September group occupied the quarters of the Israeli expedition in the Olympic village. Terrorists armed with machine guns managed to kidnap 11 representatives from the hotel rooms. The athletes tried to defend themselves, so the Palestinians shot two of them in the fight.
The terrorists threatened to kill other athletes if Israel did not release 234 Palestinian-Arab prisoners and the Germans did not hand over two German members of the Red Army Faction, Ulrika Meinhof and Andreas Baader. In the evening, the German authorities managed to convince the commando to fly to Cairo with the Israeli hostages.
At the military airport in Fürstenfeldbruck near Munich, however, elite marksmen were waiting for them. All nine remaining Israeli hostages, five of the eight terrorists, one policeman and one pilot were killed in the firefight and the explosion of the helicopters.
The procedure of the German authorities became the target of sharp criticism. Despite the warning, the German government did not implement preventive measures, so the Palestinians entered the facility without any security check.
Three terrorists who survived the shootout were detained, but already on October 29, the German government released them. This happened at the request of another armed group that hijacked a Lufthansa plane on the Beirut-Istanbul-Frankfurt route that day. The kidnappers and the three released terrorists landed in Tripoli, Libya, on the same day.
In June 1995, a total of 29 survivors of the murdered athletes accused the German state, the federal state of Bavaria and the city of Munich that their police authorities acted unqualifiedly against the terrorists and that only five snipers were deployed to eliminate the eight attackers.
On September 25, 1995, the Munich court dismissed 22 lawsuits as time-barred, stating that the survivors had already waived their claims in writing in 1973. He complied with the claims in five cases. The last two lawsuits were dismissed on 7 May 1996 on formal grounds.