Prima ZOOM will present The End of the Superpower: The Fall of the Soviet Union

Prima ZOOM will present The End of the Superpower: The Fall of the Soviet Union

05/09/2022 11:23 TODAY! | editor | print | opinions

Current history comes alive again, and we can see what historical connections preceded it. The Soviet Union (full name Union of Soviet Socialist Republics – abbreviated USSR) was a Eurasian state with a socialist system that existed between 1922 and 1991 on most of the territory of the former Russian Empire.

The Soviet Union enshrined in its constitution the leading role of the Communist Party, which was the dominant political force until 1991. Although the Soviet Union was nominally a union of union republics with the capital in Moscow, in reality it was a highly centralized state. The October Revolution in November 1917 led to the fall of the Russian Empire and the removal of the Provisional Government. After the Bolsheviks won the civil war, the Soviet Union was founded in December 1922, uniting the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic, the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic, the Byelorussian Soviet Socialist Republic, and the Transcaucasian Federative Socialist Republic. In the following years, other Soviet republics were created in Central Asia.

After the death of the first Soviet leader, Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, in 1924, Joseph Vissarionovich Stalin became the next leader of the country, who began a large-scale industrialization, combined with a planned economy and political oppression. Several million people perished in the gulags. During World War II in 1941, Nazi Germany and its allies invaded the Soviet Union, despite having previously signed a non-aggression pact with it.

▲ The documentary End of the Superpower: The Fall of the Soviet Union will be presented by Prima ZOOM (photo: FTV Prima)

From the following four years of heavy fighting, the Soviet Union emerged as one of the world’s two superpowers – the other being the United States. At the same time, he acquired (old) new territories in Eastern Europe, especially in the Baltics, and the number of union republics rose to 16 (since 1956 it had stabilized at 15). The Soviet Union, along with the satellite countries of the Eastern Bloc, participated in the Cold War, a long ideological and political struggle with the United States and its allies that ultimately failed due to economic problems as well as foreign and domestic unrest.

In the late 1980s, the last Soviet leader, Mikhail Gorbachev, attempted to reform the state with policies of perestroika and glasnost, but the Soviet Union collapsed and was dissolved. The rights and obligations of the Soviet Union were taken over by the Russian Federation. And her ambitions are rekindled…

▲ The documentary End of the Superpower: The Fall of the Soviet Union will be presented by Prima ZOOM (photo: FTV Prima)

Prima ZOOM looks under the hood of the collapse of one great power in the documentary “The End of a Superpower: The Fall of the Soviet Union“. It will be broadcast on Tuesday, September 13, 2022 at 8:00 p.m. (repeat on Friday, September 16 at 1:25 p.m.).

Thirty years ago, the Soviet Union ceased to exist. The once powerful superpower has disintegrated into fifteen independent states. Which of them can be considered successful today? Does Moscow still have any influence in them? And how does NATO or the European Union approach them? Before Russian President Vladimir Putin invaded neighboring Ukraine, a documentary was made that reveals what happened after the dissolution of the Soviet Union.

The documentary End of the Superpower: The Fall of the Soviet Union will be presented by Prima ZOOM (photo: FTV Prima)
▲ The documentary End of the Superpower: The Fall of the Soviet Union will be presented by Prima ZOOM (photo: FTV Prima)

Each of the fifteen independent states lying between the Baltic Sea and the Pamir Mountains seemingly went its own way. One of the first candidates for independence was little Lithuania. Ruslanas Baranovas from its capital Vilnius knows the Soviet era only from history books. He is politically active and works in the Lithuanian parliament. As in the other Baltic republics, a parliamentary democracy comparable to Western Europe operates in Lithuania.

On the contrary, in Central Asia, former party leaders became autocratic leaders. Despite these vast differences, the renowned economist Ruslan Semenovich Grinberg, who worked as an adviser to the last Soviet president Gorbachev, believes that all the successor states of the USSR act and proceed on the basis of the same principle: they strive for maximum economic cooperation and at the same time minimum political dependence on Russia. Despite being a largely peaceful and peaceful process, Russian President Putin called the collapse of the Soviet Union “the greatest geopolitical calamity of the 20th century”.

This historic yet urgently contemporary film, The Fall of a Great Power, reveals Putin’s Soviet nostalgia, the harsh political situation his actions have condemned his own country to, and what the former superpower’s legacy is today in Lithuania, the Caucasus, Kyrgyzstan, and the heart of Russia itself .

source: FTV Prima

The article is in Czech

Tags: Prima ZOOM present Superpower Fall Soviet Union

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