February 24th – After the start of the Russian invasion of Ukraine, Enerhoatom shut down units 5 and 6 of the Zaporozhye Nuclear Power Plant to reduce the risk of an accident.
4th March – After fierce fighting, Russian troops took control of the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant in southeastern Ukraine. According to both Kyiv and US officials, radioactivity in the area did not exceed dangerous levels despite shelling and a fire that broke out in the five-story training center, i.e. in the non-nuclear part of the complex. The Russian attack on the largest nuclear power plant in Europe provoked extremely negative reactions abroad. According to the US, the world narrowly avoided a nuclear catastrophe.
March 9 – The Russian news agency TASS wrote that members of the Russian National Guard have taken full control of the Zaporozhye Nuclear Power Plant. According to the Russian troops, the employees of the facility are working in normal mode, and the Ukrainian defenders surrendered their weapons and were released.
August 3rd – The head of the International Atomic Energy Agency, Rafael Grossi, warned that the situation around the power plant has gotten out of control and is extremely unstable. According to him, safety requirements were violated at the power plant.
5th August – Ukraine and Russia accused each other of shelling the power plant.
August 6 – The Ukrainian company Enerhoatom announced that one of the reactors of the Zaporozhye nuclear power plant is still shut down.
8th August – According to the Russian Ministry of Defense, the output of two blocks of the plant’s equipment was reduced. The head of Enerhoatom called for the facility to become a demilitarized zone.
18th of August – Moscow accused Kyiv of wanting to carry out a large-scale provocation at a power plant that could trigger a nuclear accident on August 19, on the occasion of the visit of UN Secretary-General António Guterres to Ukraine. Not long after that, Kyiv also came up with accusations, according to which Russia, on the other hand, is preparing a provocation at the nuclear facility.
August 19 – Enerhoatom said that the Russians are going to shut down the reactors still operating at the plant and disconnect it from the Ukrainian grid. Because of this, they have already restricted the access of personnel to the power plant, only employees who ensure the operation of nuclear units were allowed to the workplace.
- Guterres, during a visit to the southern Ukrainian city of Odesa, stated that the electricity produced at the Zaporozhye Nuclear Power Plant belongs to Ukraine and that this principle should be fully respected.
- Russian President Vladimir Putin said in a phone call with his French counterpart Emmanuel Macron that shelling of the area where the power plant is located creates the risk of a “large-scale catastrophe”.
August 23rd – Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said that Russian forces had tried unsuccessfully to disconnect the occupied Zaporozhye nuclear power plant from the Ukrainian grid.
August 25th – The Ministers of Defense of France, Sébastien Lecornu, and Russia, Sergei Shoigu, agreed in a phone call on the importance of the visit of IAEA inspectors to the power plant. In an interview with France24, the head of the IAEA, Grossi, said that an agreement on the inspection could come in a matter of days.
– Due to the fire that damaged the power lines, the remaining two reactors of the power plant were also disconnected from the grid.
August 26 – Two of the disconnected reactors of the Zaporozhye Nuclear Power Plant have been reconnected to the power grid, Enerhoatom announced.
August 27th – The power plant was shelled again. Enerhoatom warned of a high risk of a release of radioactive substances as a result of the ongoing shelling, for which the two opposing sides have once again blamed each other.
August 29 – The IAEA mission set out on its way to the power plant. According to Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov, members of the mission will enter the Zaporozhye NPP from territory controlled by Ukraine.
30th of August – The IAEA delegation arrived in Kyiv and a day later went to the power plant.
1st September – Enerhoatom announced that one of the reactors had to be shut down due to Russian mortar shelling.
- The IAEA team arrived at the power plant in the afternoon. The start of a long-awaited inspection at the power plant was delayed for several hours by the shelling, for which Ukraine and Russia again blamed each other.
- The agency team carried out an initial assessment of the situation, some members of the delegation then left the power plant. IAEA chief Grossi, who returned with some colleagues to Ukrainian-controlled territory after the mission, announced after visiting the facility that the physical integrity of the power plant had been violated several times.
2nd of September – The Russian ambassador to international organizations in Vienna, Mikhail Ulyanov, announced that two IAEA employees will remain permanently at the power plant. The download of the other members of the delegation was completed on September 5.
– The IAEA announced that the power plant was disconnected from the last main line connecting it to the Ukrainian grid in the evening, but supplies electricity through backup lines.
September 6 – The IAEA, in its report on nuclear safety in Ukraine, where it also published the results of its inspection at the Zaporozhye Nuclear Power Plant, called for an end to the fighting in and around the plant. According to the report, the inspection noted damage near the reactor buildings as well as damaged infrastructure.